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Simple Present Tense


I walk
You walk
He walks
She walks
It walks
We walk
You walk
They walk


I don’t walk
You don’t walk
He doesn’t walk
She doesn’t walk
It doesn’t walk
We don’t walk
You don’t walk
They don’t walk


Do I walk?
Do you walk?
Does he walk?
Does she walk?
Does it walk?
Do we walk?
Do you walk?
Do they walk?

Short Answers


Yes, I / you / we / they do

Yes, he / she / it does


No, I / you / we / they don’t

No, he / she / it doesn’t

Third person singular

We add –s to the verb to form the third person singular (he, she, it).
I drink – he drinks
I run – he runs


We add –es to verbs that end in –ss,
-sh, -ch, -x, -o.
I watch – he watches

With verbs ending in consonant + y,
we change the –y to –ies.
I cry – he cries

But with verbs ending in vowel + y,
we just add –s as usual.
I play – he plays

We use the Present Simple:

for habits and actions that we do regularly:
He visits his friends every Sunday.
She goes to school by bus.

for general truths:
The sun rises in the East.

for permanent situations:
He lives in Athens.